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Instructional Focus Document
Grade 5 Science
TITLE : Unit 04: Investigating Earth's Changes SUGGESTED DURATION : 13 days

Unit Overview

Introduction

This unit bundles Student Expectations that address the processes resulting in changes to the Earth’s surface and the formation of sedimentary rocks and fossil fuels. Landforms are the result of processes that change the surface of the Earth with forces caused by wind, water, and ice. Sedimentary rocks and fossil fuels are formed through a sequence of processes that occur over a long period.

 

Prior to this Unit

  • Grade 3
    • 3.7A – Explore and record how soils are formed by weathering of rock and the decomposition of plant and animal remains.
  • Grade 4
    • 4.7B – Observe and identify slow changes to Earth's surface caused by weathering, erosion, and deposition from water, wind, and ice.
    • 4.7C – Identify and classify Earth's renewable resources, including air, plants, water, and animals, and nonrenewable resources, including coal, oil, and natural gas, and the importance of conservation.

 

During this Unit

Students demonstrate safe practices as outlined in Texas Education Agency-approved safety standards while investigating how landforms such as deltas, canyons, and sand dunes are the result of changes to Earth’s surface by forces caused by wind, water, and ice. Students explore the processes responsible for the formation of sedimentary rocks and fossil fuels. Additionally, students communicate and discuss their observations and record data in their notebooks. Furthermore, students consider environmentally appropriate and ethical practices with resources during investigations.

Other considerations: Reference the Science COVID-19 Gap Implementation Tool Grade 5.

 

Streamlining Note

TEKS 5.7D (fossils) was moved in its entirety to the Organisms and Environments strand and has been recoded to 5.9D. See the Science TEKS Streamlining Side by Side Grade 5 (link in System Resources below).

 

After this Unit

Students in Grade 6 will learn about the structure of Earth, the rock cycle, and plate tectonics.

 

Additional Notes

STAAR Note

The Grade 5 Science STAAR will directly assess Student Expectations in the following Reporting Categories:

  • Reporting Category 3: Earth and Space
    • 5.7A – Readiness Standard
    • 5.7B – Readiness Standard

 

Research

“By the end of Grade 5, students should know that:

  • Waves, wind, water, and ice shape and reshape the earth's land surface by eroding rock and soil in some areas and depositing them in other areas, sometimes in seasonal layers. (4C/E1)
  • Rock is composed of different combinations of minerals. Smaller rocks come from the breakage and weathering of bedrock and larger rock (4C/E2).”

American Association for the Advancement of Science. (2009). Benchmarks on-line. Retrieved from http://www.project2061.org/publications/bsl/online/index.php?chapter=4#C2.


Scientists investigate the natural world in order to understand and explain its systems.

  • Why is it important to know and understand how the natural world works?
  • How are the properties of systems and their components (parts) organized?
  • How are the components (parts), processes, and patterns of systems connected?

 

Scientific investigation is an orderly process to ensure that scientific claims are trustworthy.

  • How do scientists make and support their claims?
  • What processes help scientists investigate their claim?

 

Data is collected and organized in an orderly manner, and analyzed by observing patterns and relationships in order to develop reasonable explanations and make predictions.

  • How can data be used to make reasonable explanations?

 

Scientists analyze, assess, and review each other’s work using processes of scientific investigations, and build on one another’s ideas through new investigations.

  • How can we know what to believe about a scientific claim?
  • Why is it important to know and understand how things work and why things happen?
Unit Understandings
and Questions
Overarching Concepts
and Unit Concepts
Performance Assessment(s)

Landforms are the result of processes that change the surface of the Earth with forces caused by wind, water, and ice.

  • In what ways does the surface of the Earth constantly change?

Systems

  • Earth processes

 

Classifications

  • Formation of landforms

 

Properties

  • Weathering
  • Erosion
  • Deposition

 

Patterns

  • Repetitive forces

 

Models

  • Earth’s processes

 

Change

  • Earth’s surface
Assessment information provided within the TEKS Resource System are examples that may, or may not, be used by your child’s teacher. In accordance with section 26.006 (2) of the Texas Education Code, "A parent is entitled to review each test administered to the parent’s child after the test is administered." For more information regarding assessments administered to your child, please visit with your child’s teacher.

Sedimentary rocks and fossil fuels are formed through a sequence of processes that occur over a long period of time.

  • How are sedimentary rocks formed?
  • In what ways are fossil fuels formed?
  • In what ways are fossil fuels useful resources?

Systems

  • Earth processes

 

Classifications

  • Formation of rock
  • Formation of fossil fuels

 

Properties

  • Weathering
  • Erosion
  • Deposition
  • Cementation
  • Compaction
  • Decomposition
  • Heat
  • Pressure
  • Layers

 

Patterns

  • Sequence of processes

 

Models

  • Rock formation

 

Change

  • Rock
Assessment information provided within the TEKS Resource System are examples that may, or may not, be used by your child’s teacher. In accordance with section 26.006 (2) of the Texas Education Code, "A parent is entitled to review each test administered to the parent’s child after the test is administered." For more information regarding assessments administered to your child, please visit with your child’s teacher.

MISCONCEPTIONS / UNDERDEVELOPED CONCEPTS

Misconceptions:

  • Students may think wind, water and ice cannot exert enough force to have a significant effect on the Earth’s surface, rather than wind, water, and ice changing and shaping the Earth’s surface over time.
  • Students may think oil comes from dead dinosaurs, rather than from organic aquatic sediments.
  • Students may think oil forms in large empty spaces underground, rather than in the spaces (or pores) of rocks.
  • Students may think sedimentary rock layers are always perfectly flat layers.

Unit Vocabulary

Key Content Vocabulary:

  • Cementation – process of binding and hardening of sediments into hard rock
  • Compaction – process by which overlying pressure from rocks and soil reduces the size or volume of sediments
  • Decomposition – the process by which dead plants and animals decay or rot
  • Deposition – process by which weathered and eroded material is deposited by wind, water, and ice
  • Erosion – the movement of weathered material by wind, water, or ice (e.g. glaciers)
  • Evidence – facts or other information supporting a claim or proposition
  • Fossil fuels – fuels formed over millions of years from the remains of ancient plants and animals; examples include coal, petroleum (oil) and natural gas
  • Landform – a physical structure on Earth that occurs naturally
  • Model – a picture, idea, or object that represents an object, a system, or process and is used to help with understanding; models have advantages and
    limitations
  • Organism – a living thing that grows, reproduces, responds to its environment, and can function on its own
  • Process of formation – the method by which a substance or object is formed
  • Sedimentary – rock that forms when sediments are compacted and cemented together
  • Weathering – process by which exposed rock is broken down by rain, frost, wind, or other elements of weather

 

Related Vocabulary:

  • Burial
  • Buried
  • Canyon
  • Cave
  • Coal
  • Decaying
  • Delta
  • Force
  • Freezing
  • Glacier
  • Humus
  • Ice
  • Layers
  • Marine mud
  • Natural gas
  • Oil (petroleum)
  • Peat
  • Sand dune
  • Sea floor
  • Sediment
  • Settled
  • Thawing
  • Tides
  • Valley
  • Water
  • Waves
  • Wind
Unit Assessment Items System Resources Other Resources

Show this message:

Unit Assessment Items that have been published by your district may be accessed through Search All Components in the District Resources tab. Assessment items may also be found using the Assessment Center if your district has granted access to that tool.

System Resources may be accessed through Search All Components in the District Resources Tab.

State:

Texas Education Agency – Texas Safety Standards

http://www.tea.state.tx.us/index2.aspx?id=5483 (look under Documents)

 

Texas Gateway for Online Resources by TEA – Interactive Science Glossary

https://www.texasgateway.org/resource/interactive-science-glossary

 

Texas Gateway for Online Resources by TEA – Sedimentary Rocks and Fossil Fuels

https://www.texasgateway.org/resource/sedimentary-rocks-and-fossil-fuels

 


TAUGHT DIRECTLY TEKS

TEKS intended to be explicitly taught in this unit.

TEKS/SE Legend:

  • Knowledge and Skills Statements (TEKS) identified by TEA are in italicized, bolded, black text.
  • Student Expectations (TEKS) identified by TEA are in bolded, black text.
  • Student Expectations (TEKS) are labeled Readiness as identified by TEA of the assessed curriculum.
  • Student Expectations (TEKS) are labeled Process standards as identified by TEA of the assessed curriculum.
  • Portions of the Student Expectations (TEKS) that are not included in this unit but are taught in previous or future units are indicated by a strike-through.

Specificity Legend:

  • Supporting information / clarifications (specificity) written by TEKS Resource System are in blue text.
  • Unit-specific clarifications are in italicized, blue text.
  • Information from Texas Education Agency (TEA), Texas College and Career Readiness Standards (TxCCRS), and American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Project 2061 is labeled.
  • A Partial Specificity label indicates that a portion of the specificity not aligned to this unit has been removed.
TEKS# SE# TEKS SPECIFICITY
5.1 Scientific investigation and reasoning. The student conducts classroom and outdoor investigations following home and school safety procedures and environmentally appropriate and ethical practices. The student is expected to:
5.1A Demonstrate safe practices and the use of safety equipment as outlined in Texas Education Agency-approved safety standards during classroom and outdoor investigations using safety equipment, including safety goggles or chemical splash goggles, as appropriate, and gloves, as appropriate.
Process Standard

Demonstrate

SAFE PRACTICES

Including, but not limited to:

  • Wearing safety goggles or chemical splash goggles, as appropriate
  • Wearing gloves
  • Washing hands
  • Using materials appropriately
  • Follow classroom and outdoor safety guidelines, as outlined in Texas Education Agency-approved safety standards
  • Use safety equipment appropriately

Note(s):

  • STAAR:
    • The process skills will be incorporated into at least 40% of the test questions and will be identified along with content standards.
  • TEA: 
5.2 Scientific investigation and reasoning. The student uses scientific practices during laboratory and outdoor investigations. The student is expected to:
5.2B Ask well defined questions, formulate testable hypotheses, and select and use appropriate equipment and technology.
Process Standard

Ask, Formulate, Select, Use

QUESTIONS, HYPOTHESES, EQUIPMENT, AND TECHNOLOGY

Including, but not limited to:

  • Ask well defined questions
    • Focus for the investigation
    • Testable questions vs. non-testable questions (cause and effect)
  • Formulate testable hypotheses
    • Testing variables
    • Perform a test of how two variables might be related (cause and effect)
    • A tentative relationship is stated (If…then)
    • Possible example:
      • If we increase the mass of the block, then it will move more quickly down the ramp.
        • Cause – changing mass of the block (independent or manipulated variable)
        • Effect – change in speed of the block on the ramp (dependent or responding variable)
    • Analyze and interpret data
    • Provide evidence to support or to refute the hypothesis
    • Use reasoning to explain evidence
    • Select and use appropriate equipment and technology

Note(s):

  • STAAR:
    • The process skills will be incorporated into at least 40% of the test questions and will be identified along with content standards.
    • According to current theory, a linear, step-by-step scientific method is no longer taught as real-world experimental methodology. For example, multiple problem-solving solutions are acceptable as well as engineering design processes.
    • Students should be encouraged to learn from confirming or refuting their hypotheses, as both are valid forms of information.
5.2C Collect and record information using detailed observations and accurate measuring.
Process Standard

Collect, Record

INFORMATION

Including, but not limited to:

  • Detailed observations
  • Accurate measuring (using the metric system)

Note(s):

  • STAAR:
    • The process skills will be incorporated into at least 40% of the test questions and will be identified along with content standards.
5.2D Analyze and interpret information to construct reasonable explanations from direct (observable) and indirect (inferred) evidence.
Process Standard

Analyze, Interpret

INFORMATION

Including, but not limited to:

  • Construct reasonable explanations
    • Direct (observable) evidence
      • Student investigations
      • Teacher demonstrations
      • Visuals such as graphs, charts, tables, illustrations, etc.
        • Possible types of graphs for analysis include:
          • Bar graphs
          • Line graphs
          • Scatterplots
          • Circle graphs (without percentages)
          • Dot plots
    • Indirect (inferred) evidence
      • Student investigations
      • Teacher demonstrations
      • Visuals such as graphs, charts, tables, illustrations, etc.
        • Possible types of graphs for analysis include:
          • Bar graphs
          • Line graphs
          • Scatterplots
          • Circle graphs (without percentages)
          • Dot plots

Note(s):

  • STAAR:
    • The process skills will be incorporated into at least 40% of the test questions and will be identified along with content standards.
    • Students may be asked to interpret data in multiple contexts, such as making predictions based on either observable or inferred evidence.
    • Students may be asked to interpret data displayed from multiple perspectives (views), such as from above, side-view, cut-away, or cross-section.
    • Students may benefit from experience with various visuals, such as making predictions of shadow length from a graph or other visual. 
5.2F Communicate valid conclusions in both written and verbal forms.
Process Standard

Communicate

VALID CONCLUSIONS IN BOTH WRITTEN AND VERBAL FORMS

Including, but not limited to:

  • Methods of communication
    • Written
      • Possible examples may include:
        • Written narratives
        • Observational notebook entries
        • Reflective notebook entries
        • Creating charts, graphs, and tables
    • Verbal

Note(s):

  • STAAR:
    • The process skills will be incorporated into at least 40% of the test questions and will be identified along with content standards.
5.3 Scientific investigation and reasoning. The student uses critical thinking and scientific problem solving to make informed decisions. The student is expected to:
5.3A Analyze, evaluate, and critique scientific explanations by using evidence, logical reasoning, and experimental and observational testing.
Process Standard

Analyze, Evaluate, Critique

SCIENTIFIC EXPLANATIONS

Including, but not limited to:

  • Evidence
  • Logical reasoning
  • Experimental and observational testing

Note(s):

  • STAAR:
    • The process skills will be incorporated into at least 40% of the test questions and will be identified along with content standards.
5.3B

Draw or develop a model that represents how something that cannot be seen such as the Sun, Earth, and Moon system and formation of sedimentary rock works or looks.


Process Standard

Draw, Develop

A MODEL THAT REPRESENTS HOW SOMETHING THAT CANNOT BE SEEN

Including, but not limited to:

  • Model – a picture, idea, or object that represents an object, a system, or a process and is used to help with understanding; models have advantages and limitations
  • Formation of sedimentary rock
  • Models representing
    • Earth processes

Note(s):

  • STAAR:
    • The process skills will be incorporated into at least 40% of the test questions and will be identified along with content standards.
    • Students may benefit from experiences with physical, mathematical, and conceptual models.
    • Students may be asked to construct reasonable explanations from direct (observable) evidence using a model. 
5.3C Connect grade-level appropriate science concepts with the history of science, science careers, and contributions of scientists.
Process Standard

Connect

GRADE-LEVEL APPROPRIATE SCIENCE CONCEPTS

Including, but not limited to:

  • Connection with
    • History of science
    • Science careers
    • Contributions of scientists

Note(s):

  • STAAR:
    • The process skills will be incorporated into at least 40% of the test questions and will be identified along with content standards.
5.4 Scientific investigation and reasoning. The student knows how to use a variety of tools and methods to conduct science inquiry. The student is expected to:
5.4A

Collect, record, and analyze information using tools, including calculators, microscopes, cameras, computers, hand lenses, metric rulers, Celsius thermometers, prisms, mirrors, balances, spring scales, graduated cylinders, beakers, hot plates, meter sticks, magnets, collecting nets, and notebooks; timing devices; and materials to support observations of habitats or organisms such as terrariums and aquariums.


Process Standard

Collect, Record, Analyze

INFORMATION USING TOOLS

Including, but not limited to:

  • Use lab equipment appropriately
    • Cameras
    • Computers
    • Hand lenses
    • Metric rulers
    • Graduated cylinders
    • Beakers
    • Notebooks

Note(s):

  • STAAR:
    • The process skills will be incorporated into at least 40% of the test questions and will be identified along with content standards.
    • Students should be familiar with tools needed to investigate grade-level science content, including battery holders for creating circuits.
5.7 Earth and space. The student knows Earth's surface is constantly changing and consists of useful resources. The student is expected to:
5.7A Explore the processes that led to the formation of sedimentary rocks and fossil fuels.
Readiness Standard

Explore

PROCESSES THAT LED TO THE FORMATION OF SEDIMENTARY ROCKS AND FOSSIL FUELS

Including, but not limited to:

  • Sedimentary rock formation
    • Processes of formation
      • Weathering – process by which exposed rock and other surfaces are broken down; may be caused by elements of weather (wind, water, ice) or other mechanisms
      • Erosion – process by which weathered material is moved by wind, water, or ice
      • Deposition – process by which weathered and eroded material is deposited by wind, water, or ice
      • Compaction – process by which overlying pressure from rocks and soil reduces the size or volume of sediments
      • Cementation – process of binding and hardening sediments into hard rock
    • Possible examples of sedimentary rocks may include:
      • Sandstone
      • Limestone
      • Shale
      • Conglomerate
      • Coal
  • Fossil fuels formation
    • Fossil fuels
      • Coal
      • Petroleum (oil)
      • Natural gas
      • Energy for fossil fuels originates from interaction between the Sun and producers
      • Processes for oil and gas formation
        • Remains of microscopic ocean plants and animals settle and become buried within sea-floor sediments
        • Many layers of sediment accumulate creating intense heat and pressure
        • Intense heat and pressure turn the remains into oil and gas over millions of years
      • Processes for coal formation (coalification)
        • Remains of plants accumulate in a wet, swampy environment (deposition)
        • Plant remains do not decay because there is little oxygen present
        • Many layers of these plant remains accumulate creating intense heat and pressure leading to the formation of peat
        • Over millions of years, intense heat and pressure cause the peat to change into coal

Note(s):

  • STAAR:
    • Although students have been introduced to the processes of soil formation and processes that cause change to the Earth’s surface, this is the first time that students have been directly introduced to the processes of sedimentary rock and fossil fuel formation.  
    • Students do not need to know the Rock Cycle, but rather how sedimentary rocks are formed.
  • Project 2061: By the end of 5th grade, students should know that:
    • Rock is composed of different combinations of minerals. Smaller rocks come from the breakage and weathering of bedrock and larger rocks. Soil is made partly from weathered rock, partly from plant remains—and also contains many living organisms. 4C/E2
5.7B Recognize how landforms such as deltas, canyons, and sand dunes are the result of changes to Earth's surface by wind, water, or ice.
Readiness Standard

Recognize

HOW LANDFORMS ARE THE RESULT OF CHANGES TO THE EARTH’S SURFACE

Including, but not limited to:

  • Landforms
  • The result of water
    • Deltas
    • Possible additional examples may include:
      • Canyons
      • Rock arches
      • Sea arches
      • Gorges
      • Beaches
      • Barrier islands
      • V-shaped valleys
  • The result of wind
    • Sand dunes
    • Possible additional examples may include:
      • Rock arches
  • The result of ice (glaciers)
    • Possible examples may include:
      • U-shaped valleys
      • Fjords
  • The result of weathering and erosion
    • Canyon
    • Possible additional examples may include:
      • Mesa
      • Valley
  • The result of deposition
    • Delta
    • Possible additional examples may include:
      • Alluvial fan
  • Processes of change (weathering, deposition, erosion)
    • Wind
    • Water
      • Ocean waves
      • Rivers
    • Ice
      • Glaciers
      • Ice wedging

Note(s):

  • Project 2061: By the end of 5th grade, students should know that:
    • Waves, wind, water, and ice shape and reshape the earth's land surface by eroding rock and soil in some areas and depositing them in other areas, sometimes in seasonal layers. 4C/E1 
DEVELOPING TEKS

TEKS that need continued practice, improvement, and refinement, but do not necessarily need to be explicitly taught in this unit.

TEKS/SE Legend:

  • Knowledge and Skills Statements (TEKS) identified by TEA are in italicized, bolded, black text.
  • Student Expectations (TEKS) identified by TEA are in bolded, black text.
  • Student Expectations (TEKS) are labeled Readiness as identified by TEA of the assessed curriculum.
  • Student Expectations (TEKS) are labeled Process standards as identified by TEA of the assessed curriculum.
  • Portions of the Student Expectations (TEKS) that are not included in this unit but are taught in previous or future units are indicated by a strike-through.

Specificity Legend:

  • Supporting information / clarifications (specificity) written by TEKS Resource System are in blue text.
  • Unit-specific clarifications are in italicized, blue text.
  • Information from Texas Education Agency (TEA), Texas College and Career Readiness Standards (TxCCRS), and American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Project 2061 is labeled.
TEKS# SE# TEKS SPECIFICITY
5.1 Scientific investigation and reasoning. The student conducts classroom and outdoor investigations following home and school safety procedures and environmentally appropriate and ethical practices. The student is expected to:
5.1B Make informed choices in the conservation, disposal, and recycling of materials.
Process Standard

Make

INFORMED CHOICES

Including, but not limited to:

  • In the conservation of materials
    • Fresh water
    • Air
    • Plants
    • Animals
    • Rocks and minerals
  • In the disposal of materials
    • Laboratory materials (e.g., proper disposal and / or reuse of investigation materials)
  • In the recycling of materials
    • Paper
    • Aluminum
    • Glass
    • Cans
    • Plastic

Note(s):

  • STAAR:
    • The process skills will be incorporated into at least 40% of the test questions and will be identified along with content standards.
    • Although this student expectation is labeled as a process skill, there is content on recyclable materials and conservation that could be assessed with Supporting Standard 4.7C.
5.2 Scientific investigation and reasoning. The student uses scientific practices during laboratory and outdoor investigations. The student is expected to:
5.2A Describe, plan, and implement simple experimental investigations testing one variable.
Process Standard

Describe, Plan, Implement

INVESTIGATIONS

Including, but not limited to:

  • Simple experimental investigations
  • Testing one variable
  • Controlled experiment* – to keep all the variables in an experiment the same except for the one being tested (fair test)
  • Control – the substance, object, or group in an experiment that is not changed

Note(s):

  • STAAR:
    • The process skills will be incorporated into at least 40% of the test questions and will be identified along with content standards.
    • Students may benefit from the experience of “thinking through” the steps of an experiment in order to determine a logical order for the steps.
    • Although Grade 4 students have designed descriptive investigations to explore the effect of force on an object, this is the first time that students have been directly introduced to planning a “simple experimental investigation”.
    • Although TEA has not issued a clarification regarding SIMPLE experimental investigations, a description of experimental investigations has been provided (see below).
    • * A fair test is conducted by making sure that only one factor (variable) is changed at a time, while keeping all other conditions the same.
  • TEA:
    • Experimental investigations involve designing a ―fair test* similar to a comparative investigation, but a control is identified. The variables are measured in an effort to gather evidence to support or not support a causal relationship. This is often called a ―controlled experiment. (Texas Education Agency. (2007-2011). Laboratory and Field Investigations – FAQ, August 2010. Retrieved from http://www.tea.state.tx.us/index2.aspx?id=5483)
5.2E Demonstrate that repeated investigations may increase the reliability of results.
Process Standard

Demonstrate

REPEATED INVESTIGATIONS

Including, but not limited to:

  • May increase the reliability (consistency) of results
  • Repeated trials within one investigation

Note(s):

  • STAAR:
    • The process skills will be incorporated into at least 40% of the test questions and will be identified along with content standards.
    • Student group or individual experimental investigations conducted within class investigations may be used as repeated investigations for purposes of multiple trials.
5.2G Construct appropriate simple graphs, tables, maps, and charts using technology, including computers, to organize, examine, and evaluate information.
Process Standard

Construct

GRAPHS, TABLES, MAPS, AND CHARTS TO ORGANIZE, EXAMINE, AND EVALUATE INFORMATION

Including, but not limited to:

  • Using technology
    • Computers
  • Appropriate graphs, tables, maps, and charts
    • Simple graphs
      • Bar graphs
      • Scatterplots
      • Line graphs
      • Dot plots
    • Tables
    • Maps
      • Weather maps
      • Climate maps
      • Landform maps
    • Charts

Note(s):

  • STAAR:
    • The process skills will be incorporated into at least 40% of the test questions and will be identified along with content standards.
The English Language Proficiency Standards (ELPS), as required by 19 Texas Administrative Code, Chapter 74, Subchapter A, §74.4, outline English language proficiency level descriptors and student expectations for English language learners (ELLs). School districts are required to implement ELPS as an integral part of each subject in the required curriculum.

School districts shall provide instruction in the knowledge and skills of the foundation and enrichment curriculum in a manner that is linguistically accommodated commensurate with the student’s levels of English language proficiency to ensure that the student learns the knowledge and skills in the required curriculum.


School districts shall provide content-based instruction including the cross-curricular second language acquisition essential knowledge and skills in subsection (c) of the ELPS in a manner that is linguistically accommodated to help the student acquire English language proficiency.

http://ritter.tea.state.tx.us/rules/tac/chapter074/ch074a.html#74.4 


Choose appropriate ELPS to support instruction.

ELPS# Subsection C: Cross-curricular second language acquisition essential knowledge and skills.
Click here to collapse or expand this section.
ELPS.c.1 The ELL uses language learning strategies to develop an awareness of his or her own learning processes in all content areas. In order for the ELL to meet grade-level learning expectations across the foundation and enrichment curriculum, all instruction delivered in English must be linguistically accommodated (communicated, sequenced, and scaffolded) commensurate with the student's level of English language proficiency. The student is expected to:
ELPS.c.1A use prior knowledge and experiences to understand meanings in English
ELPS.c.1B monitor oral and written language production and employ self-corrective techniques or other resources
ELPS.c.1C use strategic learning techniques such as concept mapping, drawing, memorizing, comparing, contrasting, and reviewing to acquire basic and grade-level vocabulary
ELPS.c.1D speak using learning strategies such as requesting assistance, employing non-verbal cues, and using synonyms and circumlocution (conveying ideas by defining or describing when exact English words are not known)
ELPS.c.1E internalize new basic and academic language by using and reusing it in meaningful ways in speaking and writing activities that build concept and language attainment
ELPS.c.1F use accessible language and learn new and essential language in the process
ELPS.c.1G demonstrate an increasing ability to distinguish between formal and informal English and an increasing knowledge of when to use each one commensurate with grade-level learning expectations
ELPS.c.1H develop and expand repertoire of learning strategies such as reasoning inductively or deductively, looking for patterns in language, and analyzing sayings and expressions commensurate with grade-level learning expectations.
ELPS.c.2 The ELL listens to a variety of speakers including teachers, peers, and electronic media to gain an increasing level of comprehension of newly acquired language in all content areas. ELLs may be at the beginning, intermediate, advanced, or advanced high stage of English language acquisition in listening. In order for the ELL to meet grade-level learning expectations across the foundation and enrichment curriculum, all instruction delivered in English must be linguistically accommodated (communicated, sequenced, and scaffolded) commensurate with the student's level of English language proficiency. The student is expected to:
ELPS.c.2A distinguish sounds and intonation patterns of English with increasing ease
ELPS.c.2B recognize elements of the English sound system in newly acquired vocabulary such as long and short vowels, silent letters, and consonant clusters
ELPS.c.2C learn new language structures, expressions, and basic and academic vocabulary heard during classroom instruction and interactions
ELPS.c.2D monitor understanding of spoken language during classroom instruction and interactions and seek clarification as needed
ELPS.c.2E use visual, contextual, and linguistic support to enhance and confirm understanding of increasingly complex and elaborated spoken language
ELPS.c.2F listen to and derive meaning from a variety of media such as audio tape, video, DVD, and CD ROM to build and reinforce concept and language attainment
ELPS.c.2G understand the general meaning, main points, and important details of spoken language ranging from situations in which topics, language, and contexts are familiar to unfamiliar
ELPS.c.2H understand implicit ideas and information in increasingly complex spoken language commensurate with grade-level learning expectations
ELPS.c.2I demonstrate listening comprehension of increasingly complex spoken English by following directions, retelling or summarizing spoken messages, responding to questions and requests, collaborating with peers, and taking notes commensurate with content and grade-level needs.
ELPS.c.3 The ELL speaks in a variety of modes for a variety of purposes with an awareness of different language registers (formal/informal) using vocabulary with increasing fluency and accuracy in language arts and all content areas. ELLs may be at the beginning, intermediate, advanced, or advanced high stage of English language acquisition in speaking. In order for the ELL to meet grade-level learning expectations across the foundation and enrichment curriculum, all instruction delivered in English must be linguistically accommodated (communicated, sequenced, and scaffolded) commensurate with the student's level of English language proficiency. The student is expected to:
ELPS.c.3A practice producing sounds of newly acquired vocabulary such as long and short vowels, silent letters, and consonant clusters to pronounce English words in a manner that is increasingly comprehensible
ELPS.c.3B expand and internalize initial English vocabulary by learning and using high-frequency English words necessary for identifying and describing people, places, and objects, by retelling simple stories and basic information represented or supported by pictures, and by learning and using routine language needed for classroom communication
ELPS.c.3C speak using a variety of grammatical structures, sentence lengths, sentence types, and connecting words with increasing accuracy and ease as more English is acquired
ELPS.c.3D speak using grade-level content area vocabulary in context to internalize new English words and build academic language proficiency
ELPS.c.3E share information in cooperative learning interactions
ELPS.c.3F ask and give information ranging from using a very limited bank of high-frequency, high-need, concrete vocabulary, including key words and expressions needed for basic communication in academic and social contexts, to using abstract and content-based vocabulary during extended speaking assignments
ELPS.c.3G express opinions, ideas, and feelings ranging from communicating single words and short phrases to participating in extended discussions on a variety of social and grade-appropriate academic topics
ELPS.c.3H narrate, describe, and explain with increasing specificity and detail as more English is acquired
ELPS.c.3I adapt spoken language appropriately for formal and informal purposes
ELPS.c.3J respond orally to information presented in a wide variety of print, electronic, audio, and visual media to build and reinforce concept and language attainment.
ELPS.c.4 The ELL reads a variety of texts for a variety of purposes with an increasing level of comprehension in all content areas. ELLs may be at the beginning, intermediate, advanced, or advanced high stage of English language acquisition in reading. In order for the ELL to meet grade-level learning expectations across the foundation and enrichment curriculum, all instruction delivered in English must be linguistically accommodated (communicated, sequenced, and scaffolded) commensurate with the student's level of English language proficiency. For Kindergarten and Grade 1, certain of these student expectations apply to text read aloud for students not yet at the stage of decoding written text. The student is expected to:
ELPS.c.4A learn relationships between sounds and letters of the English language and decode (sound out) words using a combination of skills such as recognizing sound-letter relationships and identifying cognates, affixes, roots, and base words
ELPS.c.4B recognize directionality of English reading such as left to right and top to bottom
ELPS.c.4C develop basic sight vocabulary, derive meaning of environmental print, and comprehend English vocabulary and language structures used routinely in written classroom materials
ELPS.c.4D use prereading supports such as graphic organizers, illustrations, and pretaught topic-related vocabulary and other prereading activities to enhance comprehension of written text
ELPS.c.4E read linguistically accommodated content area material with a decreasing need for linguistic accommodations as more English is learned
ELPS.c.4F use visual and contextual support and support from peers and teachers to read grade-appropriate content area text, enhance and confirm understanding, and develop vocabulary, grasp of language structures, and background knowledge needed to comprehend increasingly challenging language
ELPS.c.4G demonstrate comprehension of increasingly complex English by participating in shared reading, retelling or summarizing material, responding to questions, and taking notes commensurate with content area and grade level needs
ELPS.c.4H read silently with increasing ease and comprehension for longer periods
ELPS.c.4I demonstrate English comprehension and expand reading skills by employing basic reading skills such as demonstrating understanding of supporting ideas and details in text and graphic sources, summarizing text, and distinguishing main ideas from details commensurate with content area needs
ELPS.c.4J demonstrate English comprehension and expand reading skills by employing inferential skills such as predicting, making connections between ideas, drawing inferences and conclusions from text and graphic sources, and finding supporting text evidence commensurate with content area needs
ELPS.c.4K demonstrate English comprehension and expand reading skills by employing analytical skills such as evaluating written information and performing critical analyses commensurate with content area and grade-level needs.
ELPS.c.5 The ELL writes in a variety of forms with increasing accuracy to effectively address a specific purpose and audience in all content areas. ELLs may be at the beginning, intermediate, advanced, or advanced high stage of English language acquisition in writing. In order for the ELL to meet grade-level learning expectations across foundation and enrichment curriculum, all instruction delivered in English must be linguistically accommodated (communicated, sequenced, and scaffolded) commensurate with the student's level of English language proficiency. For Kindergarten and Grade 1, certain of these student expectations do not apply until the student has reached the stage of generating original written text using a standard writing system. The student is expected to:
ELPS.c.5A learn relationships between sounds and letters of the English language to represent sounds when writing in English
ELPS.c.5B write using newly acquired basic vocabulary and content-based grade-level vocabulary
ELPS.c.5C spell familiar English words with increasing accuracy, and employ English spelling patterns and rules with increasing accuracy as more English is acquired
ELPS.c.5D edit writing for standard grammar and usage, including subject-verb agreement, pronoun agreement, and appropriate verb tenses commensurate with grade-level expectations as more English is acquired
ELPS.c.5E employ increasingly complex grammatical structures in content area writing commensurate with grade-level expectations, such as:
ELPS.c.5F write using a variety of grade-appropriate sentence lengths, patterns, and connecting words to combine phrases, clauses, and sentences in increasingly accurate ways as more English is acquired
ELPS.c.5G narrate, describe, and explain with increasing specificity and detail to fulfill content area writing needs as more English is acquired.
Last Updated 05/26/2020
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